The faculty of the Committee are drawn from the Departments of Government and Politics, Philosophy, the School of Public Policy, and from the Institute for Philosophy and Public Policy. They include:
David A. Crocker (IPPP)
Stephen Elkin (G&P)
Mark Graber (G&P)
Doug Grob (G&P)
Samuel Kerstein (Phil.)
Daniel Levine (IPPP)
Xiaorong Li (IPPP)
Dan Moller (Phil.)
Christopher Morris (Phil.)
Robert Nelson (SPP)
Joe Oppenheimer (G&P)
Mark Sagoff (IPPP)
Jerome M. Segal (IPPP)
Karol Soltan (G&P)
Robert Wachbroit (IPPP)
Alec Walen (IPPP)
Ian Ward (G&P)
David Wasserman (IPPP)
CP4 Faculty Biographies
Gar Alperovitz (Ph.D., Cambridge), Harrison research professor in the Department of Government and Politics, is president of the National Center for Economic and Security Alternatives and a founding member of the Committee on the Political Economy of the Good Society. Dr. Alperovitz\'s current primary research interests include an examination of the trends and trajectory of the American political-economic system, with a view to identifying bases or catalysts for longer term systemic or institutional change; a comprehensive assessment of community, state, national, and international responses to problems of globalization; and problems of general disarmament, with the aim of integrating various conventional and nuclear arms control concepts with conflict resolution and prevention approaches, both regionally and globally. Dr. Alperovitz has served as legislative director in the U.S. Congress, and as a special assistant in the Department of State. His books include: The Decision to Use the Atomic Bomb (1995); Rebuilding America (with Jeff Faux) (1984); Atomic Diplomacy: Hiroshima and Potsdam (1965, 1985, 1994); American Economic Policy: Problems and Prospects (with Roger Skurski) (1984); Strategy and Program (with Staughton Lynd) (1973); and Cold War Essays (1970). For more information, go to http://www.bsos.umd.edu/gvpt/alperovitz .
Benjamin R. Barber (Ph.D., Harvard) is the Gershon and Carol Kekst Professor of Civil Society and the Wilson H. Elkins Professor at the Maryland School of Public Affaris and the College of Behavioral and Social Sciences. One of the most distinguished political theorists of our time, Dr. Barber is the author of the international best seller Jihad VersusMcWorld , the theory classic Strong Democracy , and, most recently, The Truth of Power: Intellectaul Affairs in the Clinton White House . Dr. Barber is a principal in The Democracy Collaborative, a component of the university\'s Civil Society Initiative that brings together an international consortium of the world\'s leading academic centers and citizen engagement organizations. Dr. Barber served as director of the Walt Whitman Center for the Culture and Politics of Democracy at Rutgers University for 12 years, where he also held the Walt Whitman Chair of Political Science. He has consulted widely with political and civic leaders, including former President Bill Clinton. He is the author of fourteen books. His honors include Guggenheim, Fulbright, and Social Science Research Fellowships, the Palmes Academiques (Chevalier) of the French Government, and the Berlin Prize of the American Academy of Berlin. He holds a Ph.D. and M.A. from Harvard University, and a B.A. and honorary doctorate from Grinnell College. For more information, go to http://www.benjaminrbarber.com .
Charles E. Butterworth (Ph.D., Political Science, Chicago) is a professor in the Department of Government and Politics with a specialization in the study of medieval Islamic political philosophy. His publications include critical editions of most of the Middle Commentaries written by Averroes on Aristotle\'s logic; translations of books and treatises by Averroes, Alfarabi, and Alrazi, as well as Maimonides; and studies of different aspects of the political teaching of these and other thinkers in the ancient, medieval, and modern tradition of philosophy. He has also written monograph analyses of the political thought of Franz Fanon and Jean-Jacques Rousseau, and articles and books on contemporary issues conerning Islamic politics and religious movements. A past president of the American Council for the Study of Islamic Societies (ACSIS), he is currently president of the International Society for the Study of the History of Arabic and Islamic Philosophy and Science (SIHSPAI). He has studied at the University of Ayn Shams in Egypt, the University of Bordeaux, and the University of Nancy in France (receiving a doctorate in philosophy from the latter). For more information see http://www.bsos.umd.edu/gvpt/butterworth .
David A. Crocker (Ph.D., Religious Studies, Yale) is a senior research scholar at the Institute for Philosophy and Public Policy and teaches in the School or Public Affairs. He specializes in political philosophy and international development ethics. Dr. Crocker taught philosophy for many years at Colorado State University (1966-93). His earlier writings included a study of Yugoslav social theory, Praxis and Democratic Socialism: The Critical Social Theory of Markovic and Stojanovic (1983). Since the mid-eighties, his writings have addressed ethical issues in international development. A book in Spanish on the capabilities approach to sustainable development, Florecimiento humano y desarrollo internacional: La nueva ética de capacidades humanas will be published in 1998. Dr. Crocker recently co-edited and contributed to Ethics of Consumption: The Good Life, Justice, and Global Stewardship (Rowman and Littlefield, 1998). He is a founding member and the current president of the International Development Ethics Association (IDEA). For more information, go to faculty home page.
Stephen L. Elkin (Ph.D., Government, Harvard) is a professor in the Department of Government and Politics. He previously taught at Smith College and the University of Pennsylvania, where he helped design and run a masters program in public policy at the Wharton School. He has been a Visiting Fellow at the Australian National University and Beijing University. Professor Elkin is the editor of the journal The Good Society and chair of the executive board of PEGS (the Committee on the Political Economy of the Good Society). Elkin is the author or editor of six books, including City and Regime in the American Republic (Chicago, 1987), and over thirty papers, and has won awards for his work from the American Political Science Association and the Policy Studies Association. For more information go to http://www.bsos.umd.edu/gvpt/elkin .
Robert K. Fullinwider (Ph.D., Philosophy, Purdue University) is Senior Research Scholar in the Institute for Philosophy and Public Policy at the University of Maryland. Before coming to Maryland in 1979 he taught at SUNY-Albany, Mary Washington College, and Virginia Tech. At the Institute he has directed research programs on military manpower policies, affirmative action, moral learning, and multicultural education, among others. From 1996-1998, he served as Research Director of the National Commission on Civic Renewal, whose report, A Nation of Spectators: How Civic Disengagement Weakens America and What We Can Do About It , drew wide public comment in the summer of 1998. Fullinwider is the author of The Reverse Discrimination Controversy: A Moral and Legal Analysis (1980). His recent work includes two edited volumes, Public Education in a Multicultural Society (1995) and Civil Society, Democracy, and Civic Renewal (1999).
William Galston (Ph.D., Political Science, Chicago), a political theorist who both studies and participates in American politics and domestic policy, is a professor in the School of Public Affairs and a senior research scholar at the Institute for Philosophy and Public Policy. In the first two years of President Clinton\'s administration, Galston served as the Deputy Assistant to the President for Domestic Policy. He joined the School of Public Affairs in 1988 as both a professor and as a senior research scholar in the SPA\'s Institute for Philosophy and Public Policy. Galston\'s public experience includes stints as chief speechwriter for John Anderson\'s National Unity campaign (1980), as issues director for Walter Mondale\'s presidential campaign (1982-1984), and as senior advisor to Albert Gore, Jr. during his run for the Democratic presidential nomination (1988). In 1991-92, Galston held a fellowship at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars in Washington, D.C. Galston is a founding co-editor of The Responsive Community , a journal that explores the issues of community, responsibility, and the common good in public policy. His most recent book is Liberal Pluralism: The Implications of Value Pluralism for Political Theory and Practice (Cambridge University Press, 2002). For more information, go to faculty home page.
Mark A. Graber (Ph.D., Government, Yale; J.D., Columbia) is a professor in the Department of Government and Politics. His publications include Rethinking Abortion (Princeton University Press, 1996), Transforming Free Speech (University of California Press, 1991), and numerous articles on constitutional theory, constitutional history, and constitutional politics. He is presently working on a political history of judicial review in the United States. For more information go to http://www.bsos.umd.edu/gvpt/graber .
Samuel Kerstein (Ph.D., Philosophy, Columbia) is assistant professor of philosophy. His main areas of interest are ethics, political philosophy, and European philosophy. Forthcoming articles include "The Kantian Moral Worth of Actions Contrary to Duty" ( Zeitschrift fuer Philosophische Forschung ) and "The Derivation without the Gap: Rethinking Groundwork I" ( Kantian Review , with Berys Gaut). He is currently writing a book on the foundations of Kantian ethics. For more information, go to http://www.philosophy.umd.edu/people/faculty/kerstein_samuel/ .
Peter Levine (Ph.D., Philosophy, Oxford) came to the Institute for Philosophy and Public Policy at Maryland in 1993 from Common Cause, where he was a research associate lobbying for campaign finance reform and government ethics. He has published Nietzsche and the Modern Crisis of the Humanities (SUNY Press, 1995), Something to Hide (St. Martin\'s Press, 1996) and Living Without Philosophy: On Narrative, Rhetoric, and Morality (SUNY Press, forthcoming in 1998). He has just completed a book entitled The New Progressive Era: Toward a Fair and Deliberative Democracy . For more information go to www.peterlevine.ws .
Xiaorong Li (Ph.D., Philosophy, Stanford) is a research scholar at the Institute for Philosophy and Public Policy. Li\'s research has focused on a range of international ethical and policy issues, including human rights, justice, world hunger, women\'s rights, economic development, population, and welfare, with a regional specialty in Asia/China. Her publications include articles about Rawls\'s theory of justice, human rights as integrated civil-political and social-economic rights, universal human values, and cultural relativism. Her article "\'Asian Values\' and the Universality of Human Rights" has been reprinted in a number of journals, anthologies, and textbooks. She recently wrote "Tolerating the Intolerable: The Case of Female Genital Mutilation" for Philosophy and Public Policy Quarterly. For more information, go to faculty homepage.
Judith Lichtenberg (Ph.D., Philosophy, City University of New York) is director of CP4, and holds appointments in the Department of Philosophy and the Institute for Philosophy and Public Policy. She writes mainly in the areas of international ethics, race and ethnicity, media ethics, and higher education. She is the editor of Democracy and the Mass Media (Cambridge University Press, 1990), and serves on the national advisory board of the Poynter Institute for Media Studies. She has held visiting appointments at Yale University, Harvard\'s Kennedy School, Dartmouth College, and the University of Melbourne.
Christopher W. Morris (Ph.D., Philosophy, University of Toronto) is professor of philosophy with interests in moral, political, and legal philosophy as well as the theory of practical rationality. His recent publications include: "The Very Idea of Popular Sovereignty: \'We the People\' Reconsidered", Social Philosophy & Policy (2000), An Essay on the Modern State (Cambridge University Press, 1998), "Justice, Reasons, and Moral Standing", in Rational Commitment and Social Justice: Essays in Honor of Gregory Kavka , edited by J. Coleman and C. Morris (Cambridge University Press, 1998), and The Social Contract Theorists: Hobbes, Locke, and Rousseau in Rowman and Littlefield\'s series Critical Essays on the Classics. Before coming to the University of Maryland in the winter of 2002, he was professor of philosophy at Bowling Green State University and Senior Research Fellow at the Social Philosophy and Policy Center. He was also Research Associate at CREA, a research group based at the Ecole Polytechnique in Paris and, in the fall of 1998, visiting research fellow at the University of Amsterdam. Morris is the book review editor for Economics & Philosophy . For more information, go to http://www.philosophy.umd.edu/people/faculty/morris_chris/ .
Robert Nelson (Ph.D., Economics, Princeton) joined the School of Public Affairs as a professor in 1993. An authority on land and natural resource management, especially the management of federally owned resources, he previously worked for the Department of the Interior on policy issues involving public lands. He also worked closely with the Bureau of Indian Affairs in the development of policies to promote economic development of Indian reservations and to improve the Bureau?s education system. While on leave from his Interior position, Nelson served as the chief economist of the Commission on Fair Market Value Policy for Federal Coal Leasing, senior research manager for the President\'s Commission on Privatization, and economic analyst for the Senate Select Committee on Indian Affairs. His most recent books are Reaching for Heaven on Earth: The Theological Meaning of Economics (Rowman & Littlefield, 1991) and Public Lands and Private Rights: The Failure of Scientific Management (Rowman & Littlefield, 1995). For more information, go to faculty home page.
Joe Oppenheimer (Ph.D., Political Science, Princeton) is a professor of Government and Politics whose recent research has focused on issues of distributive justice, ethical behavior, rational altruism, and community organizing. His analytical tools of choice include the theories of games and social choice, mathematical modeling, and experimental methods. His articles have been published in many journals, including the American Political Science Review , the American Journal of Political Science , the British Journal of Political Science , the Journal of Conflict Resolution , the Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization , Social Justice Research , and Public Choice . His latest book, Choosing Justice: An Experimental Approach , was published by the University of California Press. Details can be found on his Web site at http://www.bsos.umd.edu/gvpt/oppenheimer .
Mark Sagoff (Ph.D., Philosophy, Rochester) is senior research scholar at the Institute for Philosophy and Public Policy. He is the author of The Economy of the Earth (Cambridge University Press, 1988). Sagoff was named a Pew Scholar in Conservation and the Environment in 1991, and from 1994-1997 served as President of the International Society for Environmental Ethics. Dr. Sagoff has taught at Princeton, the University of Pennsylvania, the University of Wisconsin (Madison), and Cornell. For more information, go to faculty home page.
Thomas Schelling (Ph.D., Economics, Harvard) came to the School of Public Affairs in 1990 from the John F. Kennedy School of Government, where he was the Lucius N. Littauer Professor of Political Economy. He is a member of the Commission on Geosciences, Environment, and Resources of the National Academy of Sciences, the Committee of Prevention of Nicotine Dependency in Children and Youth, the Institute of Medicine, the Committee on Global Change of the Social Sciences Research Council, and the U.S. Committee for the International Institute of Applied Systems Analysis. He is chairman of the advisory committee of the Institute for Social and Economic Policy in the Middle East, Harvard University, and a member of the Board of Trustees of the Albert Einstein Institution, a non-profit organization devoted to the study of non-violent political action. Schelling served in the Economic Cooperation Administration in Europe in 1948 and 1950, and in the White House and the Executive Office of the President from 1951 to 1953. He is the author of eight books and more than 140 articles, including recent pieces in Foreign Affairs , International Security , Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists , Negotiation Journal, and Daedalus . For more information, go to faculty home page.
Jerome Segal (Ph.D., Philosophy, Michigan) is a Research Scholar at the Institute for Philosophy and Public Policy, where his work focuses on issues of consumption and economic development. His most recent book, Graceful Simplicity: Towards a Philosophy and Politics of Simplicity , appeared in 1999. Segal also holds an appointment at the Center for International and Security Studies, where he is the director of the Jerusalem Project. He has been involved in efforts to promote Israeli-Palestinian peace for the last sixteen years, and is the author of numerous articles on the conflict in addition to his1989 book, Creating the Palestinian State: A Strategy for Peace . Prior to joining the University faculty, Segal worked in the Agency for International Development as Coordinator for the Near East, and for the House Budget Committee as Administrator of the Task Force on Distributive Impacts. Earlier, he taught philosophy at the University of Pennsylvania. For more information, go to faculty home page.
Karol Soltan (Ph.D., Political Science, Chicago) is an associate professor in the Department of Government and Politics. His main interests are in problems of institutional design and "new constitutionalism," and more generally in political economy, public policy, and law. He is the author of The Causal Theory of Justice and the co-editor of Citizen Competence and Democratic Institutions , New Institutionalism: Institutions and Social Order , The Constitution of Good Societies , and A New Constitutionalism . He was co-founder of the Conference Group on Jurisprudence and Public Law, and he is member of the executive board of the Committee on the Political Economy of the Good Society.
Robert Hunt Sprinkle (M.D., University of Cincinnati; Ph.D., Public Affairs, Princeton) is a diplomate of the American Board of Family Practice and the American Board of Pediatrics who joined the faculty of the School of Public Affairs in 1995. He was a Social Science Research Council MacArthur Foundation Fellow in International Peace and Security at the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Princeton University. In 1994, he published Profession of Conscience: The Making and Meaning of Life Science Liberalism (Princeton University Press, 1994), an intellectual history of political-ethical thought in the life sciences. His interests include health policy, the sickle hemoglobinapathies, medical device development, international politics and development, and environmental policy, domestic and global. For more information, go to faculty home page.
Ron Terchek (Ph.D., Government and Politics, Maryland) is associate professor in the Department of Government and Politics. His research interests include the assumptions and axioms of liberalism, with special attention to the nature and role of rationality, choice, participation, and distribution. For more information, go to http://www.bsos.umd.edu/gvpt/terchek/home.html .
David Wasserman (J.D., University of Michigan) is a research scholar at the Institute for Philosophy and Public Policy in the School of Public Affairs. He has written about legal evidence and statistical inference, the moral underpinnings of criminal law and legal practice, the concept of discrimination, and various issues in procedural and distributive justice. His present research focuses on ethical and policy issues in genetic research and technology, and on justice for people with disabilities; he is working on projects concerning forensic DNA typing, behavioral genetics, and the relevance of disability to quality of life and priority in health care. He also works on issues concerning the concept of place and the restoration of rural and urban communities. In addition to numerous articles and book chapters, he has written A Sword For the Convicted: Representing Indigent Defendants on Appeal (Greenwood, 1990). He is co-authoring Disability, Difference, Discrimination with Anita Silvers and Mary Mahowald (Rowman and Littlefield, 1999), and co-editing Genetics and Criminal Behavior: Methods, Meanings, and Morals with Robert Wachbroit (Cambridge University Press, forthcoming). For more information, go to faculty home page.